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Wednesday, December 14, 2016

Kathakali Dance and Odissi Dance of India.

Kathakali is a classical Indian dance of South India..It is an ancient dance form that brought humanism into Hinduism to express emotions that go beyond words..The temple rituals, first performed in secret, evolved into a vibrant drama that embraces the essence of what it is to be human..Kathakali evolved from earlier temple art forms in the 17th Century, it is based on Hinduism and is a highly charged powerful drama that combines devotion, drama, dance, music, costumes, make up and face masks to produce one of the most impressive forms of sacred theatre in the world..Kathakali primarily developed in the Southern Indian state of Kerala and the actors - dancers are traditionally all males....Odissi is an ancient classical dance of the Eastern Indian state of Orissa and this dance form originated in the temples of Odisha..Odissi is performed predominantly by ladies..Odissi dance form expresses religious stories and spiritual ideas particularly of Vaishavism(God Vishnu as Jagannath) and also other traditions related to Gods Shiva and Surya..

Kathakali: Kathakali is a stylized classical Indian dance-drama noted for the attractive make-up of characters, elaborate costumes, detailed gestures and well-defined body movements presented in tune with the anchor playback music and complementary percussion. It originated in the country's present day state of Kerala during the 17th century and has developed over the years with improved looks, refined gestures and added themes besides more ornate singing and precise drumming. Popular belief is that kathakali is emerged from "Krishnanattam", the dance drama on the life and activities of Lord Krishna. It is mostly done by men and when not wearing costume can be easily identified by the multiple facial movements.

Oddisi: It has its roots in present day Odisha. It is particularly distinguished from other classical Indian dance forms by the importance it places upon the Tribhangi (literally: three parts break), the independent movement of head, chest and pelvisand upon the basic square stance known as Chauka or Chouka that symbolises Lord Jagannath. This dance is characterised by various Bhangas (Stance), which involves stamping of the foot and striking various postures as seen in Indian sculptures. The common Bhangas are Bhanga, Abanga, Atibhanga and Tribhanga.

The costume is elaborate and elegant, replete with a crown and silver jewelry.