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Wednesday, December 31, 2014

Binge drinking

"Binge drinking(the consumption of an excessive amount of alcohol in a short period of time) increases the risk of falls, burns, gunshot wounds, car accidents and other traumatic injuries. One-third of trauma patients have alcohol in their systems.
In addition to increasing the risk of traumatic injuries, binge drinking impairs the body's ability to recover from such injuries. Previous studies have found, for example, that binge drinking delays wound healing, increases blood loss and makes patients more prone to pneumonia and infections from catheters. Binge drinkers also are more likely to die from traumatic injuries. The study led by Dr. Afshar illustrates another potentially harmful effect of binge drinking."




Certain people should avoid alcohol completely, including those who:
  • Plan to drive a vehicle or operate machinery
     
  • Take medications that interact with alcohol
     
  • Have a medical condition that alcohol can aggravate
     
  • Are pregnant or trying to become pregnant
Binge Drinking:
  • NIAAA defines binge drinking as a pattern of drinking that brings blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels to 0.08 g/dL. This typically occurs after 4 drinks for women and 5 drinks for men—in about 2 hours.

  • The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), which conducts the annual National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), defines binge drinking as drinking 5 or more alcoholic drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
  • Drink-by-drink guide

    Below is a drink-by-drink guide, based on a standard (175ml) 12% volume glass of white wine and 4% strength pint of lager, showing how quickly alcohol can affect your mind and body.
    One glass of white wine or a pint of lager (approximately two units):
    • You’re talkative and you feel relaxed.
    • Your self-confidence increases.
    • Driving ability is already impaired, which is why it is best to drink no alcohol if you're driving.
    Two glasses of white wine or two pints of lager (approximately four units):
    • Your blood flow increases.
    • You feel less inhibited and your attention span is shorter.
    • You start dehydrating, one of the causes of a hangover.
    Three glasses of white wine or three pints of lager (approximately six units):
    • Your reaction time is slower.
    • Your liver has to work harder.
    • Your sex drive may increase, while your judgement may decrease.
    Four glasses of white wine or three and a half pints of lager (approximately eight units):
    • You’re easily confused.
    • You’re noticeably emotional.
    • Your sex drive could now decrease and you may become less capable.

    The NHS recommends:

    • Men should not regularly drink more than 3-4 units of alcohol a day
    • Women should not regularly drink more than 2-3 units a day
    • If you've had a heavy drinking session, avoid alcohol for 48 hours
      "Regularly" means drinking this amount every day or most days of the week.
      Bear in mind that some people (including women, young people and those with smaller builds) may experience the effects after drinking smaller amounts of alcohol.
      If you have developed a tolerance to alcohol you may find that some of these effects do not apply to you.
      In that case, consider whether it is time to cut back on your drinking or whether you need to seek help.